Best Languages to Warm-Up Web Development in 2021

Some languages are perennial; others are still making their journey count; let’s find out which languages are here to continue web application development legacy in 2021!

We require object-oriented programming languages for web development. Secondly, the choice of a programming language depends upon the type of application. Kotlin and Java are for Android Applications. .Net/C# and Java are for e-commerce web applications, IoT solutions and internal enterprise applications. C is suitable for systems programming.

Considerations While Selecting a Programming Language

  • We need to know if the programming language has proper ecosystem support.
  • Will the language remain in the long term?
  • Are the vendor support and specific requirements for libraries, tools, features available?
  • Is the project constricted by time, budget or resources?
  • The environment for the project (web or mobile)
  • Do we need an infrastructure upgrade?
  • Do we have skilled developers? Do we need new ones?
  • Are there any performance considerations or security considerations?
  • Do we require any third-party tools?

Here is a Gist of Programming Languages for Web Development

  • Operating Systems: C, C++
  • Distributed System: C, Rust, Go
  • Front End Development: JavaScript, CSS or HTML
  • Backend Development: Python, JavaScript or C#
  • 2D Game development: C# or JavaScript
  • 3D Game Development: C++ or C#
  • Data Science/Machine Learning/Analytics: Clojure, R, Julia, Python
  • Scientific & Math Computing: Matlab, ALGOL, FORTRAN, Julia, APL, R, C++
  • Big Data: Java, Python, Scala, R, Clojure

What are the top web development languages in 2021?

Python

Python alternates between Java and C++ code, solving complex computation with purposeful codes. Python code is concise, readable. Python extends legacy code, is highly portable, dynamic, contains numerous libraries. It has a standard library and couples with multiple programming paradigms making it capable of automating memory and adding in some dynamic features. Python is preferable for IoT solutions, in the development of artificial intelligence systems. Python is free, comes with ready-to-use blocks and can be coupled with frameworks/templates to create code with precise design, to create a feature-rich and interactive application.

JavaScript (JS)

JavaScript remains the basis of UI/front-end development besides HTML and CSS. It continues to develop, add new features, and attract a wider audience. It makes the applications/websites interactive, dynamic. It becomes the driving force behind the popularity of React, Vue, Angular, developing Progressive web applications (PWA) and single-page applications (SPA). JavaScript saves time, battery life, fastens page navigation, better caching and is easier to develop and maintain. Besides, JS supports and accelerates the performance of accelerated mobile pages (AMP). It improves monetization, optimization, reduces time spent on sites, improves the usability of images, banners in HTML code. JS code doesn’t need compiling. It is suitable for smaller projects but is extensible to write larger applications.

TypeScript

Object-oriented programs written in TypeScript compile into pure JavaScript on both server-side and client-side. Prototyping, types/interfaces to describe data, powerful type system, include generics essential for large projects. It supports JS libraries and API documentation. NPM packages come with standard definitions and are easier to install. TypeScript helps web development companies to keep up the rapid pace of development, transpiling time error checking and strong typing. It helps refactor the code and prevents many classes of bugs.

PHP

PHP is the de-facto programming language for web development followed by the best web development companies in India. Being free and open-source, it integrates many technologies, frameworks, has well-defined documentation, a large client base, supports URL parsing, has database drivers, and fetches HTTP, regular expressions. It is easily customizable, robust and scalable. Web development teams use PHP to create blog pages along with WordPress plug-ins, project management tools like Basecamp, web content systems, e-commerce applications, image processing, creating Flash, graphic design, image processing, data representation. Backend in PHP acts well with MySQL or PostgreSQL database for server-side programming.

Ruby

Ruby is the programming language and Rails is the framework that coalesces and works similarly to Golang (Go). Ruby comes with many libraries, support forums and easy to learn and understand code.

HTML and CSS

None of the top web development trends in 2021 are complete without the Midas touch of HTML/CSS. Right from creating progressive web applications (PWA), artificial intelligence and bots, accelerated mobile pages (AMP), single page application (SPA), optimization by voice search, motion UI, automation testing, JavaScript frameworks, server-less applications and architecture, blockchain, internet of things, mobile-first development, responsive websites, push notifications, GPDR and cybersecurity. All these come with built-in HTML templating, composed-based design, data management tools and build system support.

In Conclusion: Selecting the best languages for web development in 2021

There is no general answer for everyone. We’ll be looking at technologies in an unbiased way to help you decide which path to take. Learn about these languages and specific usage. All this is based on prevalent facts, research and general opinion. This information is not necessarily from one place. Check back next time; if the one you’re looking for is not listed above.

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